Tôi Lượm được bài này trên một trang khác, thấy hay và nhất là hữu dụng cho những surf-fishing-beginner như tôi nên xin phép post vào đây. Nếu tiêu đề này đã được post đâu đó trên diễn đàn này thì xin chú Koi & Jason bỏ qua cho.
Adam Cassidy - Fishing From The Surf In SoCal
Adam Cassidy, an avid surf fisherman, discusses the different methods that can be applied to catch a variety of species from the Southern California shorelines.
The 2 questions I get most when I am surf fishing are “What can you catch here? and “Are there really fish here?” well I hope to answer those questions here and more importantly that I make you think about taking a rod with you next time you head down to your local beach.
adam_cassidy2The Beaches of Southern California are alive with fish and the opportunity to catch them. Many people think that the water is too polluted or there can’t possibly be fish in the same water I am swimming in. Well the truth is that as you are swimming out to the waves, you may very well be surrounded by Halibut, Perch, Sharks, Corbina and many others.
Before you head out, you should know what to rod to pull from your quiver. Well the short answer is any rod will catch you fish, but I use a different type of rod for each species, because the bigger the fish the heavier the line, which in turn requires different rods. For most situations, a 7’-9’ rod that handles and easily casts 6-10 pound test will be just fine. Spinning works well in the surf for a number of reason, but I feel the best reasons are spinning is easier to clean, usually cheaper to replace and does not get as much sand in it. Cleaning the sand out of your worm gear on a baitcasting reel can be well… challenging. I have used the same Shimano Sedona for 6 years in the surf and it has never failed me. There are nicer reels, and I own a few of them, but this is a good workhorse to get started with.
As is true with all fishing, the key is finding where the fish live what they eat and when they eat it. Seems simple enough, and most standards hold true for fishing from the beaches of Southern California to anywhere in the world. Now, when I say structure, that can mean many things, basically it means places for fish to seek cover for feeding, seeking cover from bigger fish and from the swift current. The main sources of cover on sandy beaches are holes. Holes are depressions in the sand created by waves and current, they can be a couple of feet wide or 50+ feet wide, they are generally created during high surf periods and storms. These offer all of the things mentioned, cover, food and calmer water. The fish can sit in a hole and wait for food to float past, burrow into the sand for worms and crabs, or just relax for a bit and conserve energy.
Most fish on the beach are seasonal; the best fishing for most species is going to be in the summer months. However, starting in February is when you want to start looking for the larger Barred Surf Perch. From Jan through April you will have a shot at some of the bigger females in the 1.5-2.5# range as they come in to spawn*. Spring is definitely the time for the bigger models, but there will be plenty of smaller fish less than 1#, to keep you entertained and to try these techniques out throughout the year. My favorite rig to fish for perch is using a carolina rig with a 1/8-1/2 ounce egg sinker, a 2-3 foot leader with a 1.5”-2” grub on a #6 hook. I say hook, because there is more than one way to hook a grub. I prefer a #6 bait holder, and I thread the grub so the head of the hook is barely exposed, but the point of the hook is fully exposed. However some like to hook it like a drop shot bait, just barely hooking the tip of the grub with either a drop shot or octopus hook. All hooks should be from size 4-6 regardless of how you hook it. The best rig to use is up to you, try them both and see which one produces the best for you.
The standard perch grub color for all beaches is Motor Oil with Red Flake, but other colors work very well. My personal favorite grub is the Big Hammer Perch Grub, but most brands will work very well. Just make sure that the grub is soft, fairly durable and has a good tail action in the water.
Halibut are most prevalent starting in the spring on through fall. They are around during other times as well or course, but this is the best time for them. The best bait is live. Anchovy and sardine work great, but top smelt are the smart bet. Anchovies and sardines are not as hearty as smelt and require much more maintenance including water changes and lots of aeration. Just know ahead of time this can be a tough venture, carrying a 5 gallon bucket with live bait and a battery operated aerator, which weighs around 30 pounds, can rival any workout video. While this may be difficult to do, live bait is far superior to frozen and will increase your chances of hook-up. But if you aren’t up for lugging around a mobile bait tank you can fish cut bait, frozen anchovies or sardines, Grunion (when in season) and Fresh dead smelt work well on a sliding sinker set-up or on a reverse Dropper Loop Rig. If you aren’t up for bait fishing, break out the artificials!
My bait of choice is a 3" Big Hammer swimbait with a 1/8-3/8 ounce darter lead head. Also, 3-4" grubs work great, fished on the same basic style of lead head, in 1/8-1/2 ounce, bullet or darter head with fine wire hooks are prime. A slow to medium retrieve, just over the bottom, seems to work best for me, but I will also, do short pops off the bottom or a constant retrieve while shaking the rod tip. The point is to try something, and give it some time to work, but if it isn't working, try something else until you find what is successful for you.
Summer is the time for corbina, the sandcrabs start showing all over the local beaches, just look for some beds, and either dig for them, or much better yet, use a sand crab trap. Walk out onto to a sand crab bed, and wait for a wave to come and wash over the bed. As the wave stops its forward motion, put the trap down in front of you while you are facing the water. Dig your big tow into the sand moving it back and fort, parallel to the length of the trap. Lift up the trap, and pick out any softshell sandcrabs, especially ones with eggs, along with any hard shells with eggs. The best bait is a nice softshell, about an inch long or so that is ripe with orange eggs. Down the list the best baits are softshell with no eggs, hardshell with eggs and then of course hardshell with no eggs. Mussel and blood worms will also work, but softshell sand crabs are the best bait. My favorite rig is always a carolina rig when fishing corbina. I usually will use a 6# setup and a 6# Seaguar fluorocarbon leader varying from 2.5'- 5'. I use a spinning setup, and fish with my rod tip high, and moving the rod tip back and forth following the pressure of the surge. Corbina will bite very softly; often the bite will feel like the surge moving your bait. Get to know what the wave pressure feels like, if it feels "off", give a gentle pull back, and if you feel the fish, set the hook! This can also be done with a bait casting setup by going in and out of freespool. These fish are excellent fighters, but are not huge in numbers, so please do all you can to release these fish when you can in a healthy state.
Sharks and rays can be a blast to fish for, and can easily be fit into your schedule as well. Most shark and ray fishing is done at night, try fishing during a full moon, for the added light and tidal swing. You can leave work, pick up some squid or mackerel at the local bait shop, and be on the beach relaxing, waiting for your clicker to scream! Use a 20-30# set up, a sliding rig with a 2-3' 30#-40# mono or steel leader and a 3-6 ounce pyramid weight. The weight will vary with your rod set up as well as the current, and you want to do your best to fish the deepest water you can get to. So that means casting far on a shallow beach, looking for deep holes or fishing a beach with a good drop off. The best way to locate those beaches is to watch the waves. A beach that has a shore-break, where the waves build and break right at the shore will show that the water is deeper than a beach where the waves break further out. But remember those fish can be in the skinny water, so fish that bait right up to your feet.
The template just below should help you get an idea of what you can catch on ocean facing sandy beaches in Southern California. This is only a brief description of the most commonly caught fish along with the rigs used to catch them and the baits used on those rigs. The depths are guidelines to increase your chances of catching certain species. These are these fish’s standard home waters, but like humans, fish will travel and be caught outside of their home zones as well. Use this template as just that, a template in order to increase your chance at catching certain species.
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* A word on spawning perch - Surf Perch are viviparous, meaning they give birth to live young. Some people feel that there is a moral issue of catching fish during this time and this very issue may pop into your head when you catch a 3# gravid perch that starts releasing live baby perch. But how many people, including myself, look at it as part of life in the sea. You can release these fry into the water and they will most likely swim away but they do have a limited chance of survival. With that said, this is true if the fry were released without human contact, as with all species who give birth to litters, the goal is to release as many as possible, to ensure the survival of the species. The best option is to adopt a personal policy with all species to handle the fish as gently and appropriately as possible while causing the least amount of stress necessary prior to releasing it.
Đúng vậy đó, Koi đã từng chứng kiến anh Tâm câu halibut tại Long Beach, con cá nó nằm ngay dưới chân mình thôi. Anh ta quăng ra gần lắm, nhưng mà đi câu này phải mặc wader or phải chịu ướt thì mới bắt được. Cá perch nhiều con bự lắm. 02/26 Koi có việc trên Santa Barbara, nên sẻ câu surf trên đó sau khi xong việc, nghe nói nó đang vô gần bãi cát, nhiều con bự 12-15 inches đã lắm.
Nếu đi nhằm con nước ngon (1 tiếng trước khi nước lên) bắt limit 1 người 10 con dể dàng. 10 con limit tức là mổi loại cá được 10 con. Có lần Koi và Jason câu 2 tiếng được limit ngay, mà limit trong vòng 30' thôi, kéo mỏi tay, câu một người 2 cần chạy không kịp.
Chắc chắn sẻ hú bác đi 1 lần cho vui
Thấy tụi nó câu được mấy con perch khủng, post hình lên cho bác coi cho vui, và thấy mồi giả tụi nó sài. Con này chiên dòn lên ăn bá cháy....
Hình như koi có 1 bài viết câu surf, để bữa nào lục lại.
Nếu 2/26 Koi có đi Santa Barbara thì báo trước cho biết, Tôi có đứa con gái đang học ở UC SB Nếu được vợ chồng tôi sẽ lên đó, để bà xã với cháu gái, mình sẽ đi surf fishing với nhau một chuyến cho đã.Có gì, ngày 2/19 gặp nhau ở SARL sẽ bàn kỹ hơn.